How artificial intelligence can make healthcare human again

In his latest book, ‘Deep Medicine’ Dr. Topol describes how medicine is broken today and how artificial intelligence can help make healthcare human again.

In an interview with The Guardian, Dr Topol was asked about the review report he did for the NHS-UK. LINK

You were commissioned by Jeremy Hunt in 2018 to carry out a review of how the NHS workforce will need to change “to deliver a digital future”. What was the biggest change you recommended? 
‘I think the biggest change was to try and accelerate the incorporation of AI to give the gift of time – to get back the patient-doctor relationship that we all were a part of 30, 40-plus years ago. There is a new, unprecedented opportunity to seize this and restore the care in healthcare that has been largely lost.’

Topol goes on to explain that most people have the view that machines and computers will dehumanize medicine. He thinks otherwise. Deep Medicine consists of three things:

(a) Deep phenotyping – comprehensive understanding of every person at every level. Biology, microbiome, anatomy (from scans), physiology (from wearables such as watches), genome etc..

(b) Deep Learning – The best example is Radiology. It is estimated that up to 30% of scans read by radiologists miss certain findings. if machine learning included so that scans are also read very fast by machines and help radiologists the error rate will be decreased very significantly.

(c) Deep Empathy – When the time consuming and extremely complicated things such as the previous two items are dealt with by AI-based technologies, the doctor will have enough time to show deep empathy and restore the doctor-patient relationship. This will bring about the medicine we practiced maybe a few decades ago.

Listen to this 5-minute video clip by Dr. Topol that describes what Deep Medicine is, LINK.

Dr. Eric Topol is the editor in chief of Medscape.  He is a Cardiologist and a Geneticist with an interest in how technology affects health. Among his many roles he is founder and director of the Scripps Research Translational Institute in California. He has previously published two books on the potential for big data and tech to transform medicine, with his third, Deep Medicine, looking at the role that artificial intelligence might play. He has served on the advisory boards of many healthcare companies, and last year published a report into how the NHS needs to change if it is to embrace digital advances. (The Guardian)

Artificial Intelligence  (AI) is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. AI has become the buzz word in medicine, computer science, and engineering. Machine learning, in artificial intelligence the discipline concerned with the implementation of computer software that can learn autonomously.

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